Boom pivot

Hydraulic Upgrades Enhance Aerial Lift Performance

Sept. 13, 2018
Upgrading hydraulic system components helped improve performance in a new series of enhanced truck-mounted aerial devices designed for construction and maintenance of utility distribution lines.

Hydraulics technology plays an important role in the aerial devices the utility industry uses to reach and service electric lines. Cylinders on these truck-mounted lifts operate the booms that raise buckets or platforms carrying workers and equipment to heights that may reach up to 65 ft., with side-reach capabilities that can exceed 50 ft. on some models.

When Terex Utilities designed its Optima series of Hi-Ranger devices, the company addressed performance, productivity, and maintenance—three top concerns of its electric utility customers, according to Joe Caywood, director of marketing at Terex, Watertown, S.D. Starting with its proven Hi-Ranger design, the company incorporated several product improvements that provide greater vehicle payload capacity, better boom speeds, enhanced side reach and ground access, and features that improve maintenance access and reliability.

Terex Optima Series aerial lift uses hydraulics to raise and position utility workers for their work on distribution lines, as well as for handling materials and powering tools.

Machine Benefits from Hydraulic Upgrades

Although some of the upgrades required structural changes—such as using high-strength steel to reduce aerial weight and increase vehicle payload capacity—others focused on modifications to the equipment’s hydraulic system. For example, a higher-capacity pump provides greater flow, which translates into higher boom speed and allows operating multiple functions simultaneously with no reduction in speed. This also called for upgrading some valves to accommodate the higher flow rates, as well as improving the routing of hydraulic lines. Ultimately, these improvements boost the machine’s productivity.

The Optima aerial lifts are available with either an open- or closed-center load-sensing hydraulic system, with pilot-operated valves used on the closed-center version. The open-center system uses a vane pump, while the closed-center system has a pressure-compensated piston pump. A single-stick control is used in the work bucket for both systems, whereas the ground controls use individual levers.

Boom pivots were redesigned from previous versions to allow lower travel height, which also required changes in cylinder configuration to achieve optimal combination of speed and strength.

Terex engineers modified the pivot pinning positions of the boom structure and used cylinders with longer strokes to expand the machines’ side reach capability. Redesigning the boom pivots also achieved lower travel height, which also required some changes in the cylinder configuration to provide the optimal combination of strength and speed.

To reduce maintenance and increase reliability, all fittings above the boom rotation level are use O-ring face seals, rather than the JIC fittings commonly used in the industry. Although the JIC fittings are suitable for the hydraulic systems in most of these types of machines, Terex engineers wanted the additional leak resistance offered by O-ring seals for the demanding environments in which these lifts sometimes operate.

An optional hydraulic articulating jib and winch mechanism facilitates material handling while the operator is working aloft.

An optional hydraulic articulating jib and winch mechanism facilitates material handling while the operator is aloft. The jib is operated by a hydraulic cylinder and articulates, extends, and retracts. The winch is driven by a hydraulic motor to raise or lower the load. Together they can place material in the best position for installation, for removal, or to hold it so the operator can accomplish the task at hand. Other options include a hydraulic oil cooler.

Hydraulics for Power to Spare

Hydraulic tools can be connected to the aerial device, including drills, impact wrenches, saws, and crimpers for use by operators in the bucket. Terex machines in this series regulate pressure down to 2,250 psi and produce maximum flows of 5- to 7-gpm flow for tool functions. A cylinder controls platform tilt to keep the bucket level during operation and allows for override to accommodate operator working position preference and to ease cleaning out the bucket. A cylinder is also used to rotate the bucket when needed on these machines.

Modified pivot pinning positions of the boom structure and the use of cylinders with increased stroke helped expand the machines’ side reach capability.

Insulated aerial devices such as these have two insulation gaps, one in the lower boom and one in the upper boom. Only non-conductive material is allowed to pass through these gaps, so non-conductive hose is used to route hydraulic fluid to and from the boom tip. There, hydraulics powers a winch and operates the jib, powers hydraulic tools, operates tilt and leveling functions, and provides control of the device.

About the Author

Ray I. Scroggins | Principal and Founder

Ray I. Scroggins is a frequent writer on subjects that include technology, manufacturing, construction and business. He holds degrees in business and engineering and specializes in writing feature articles for a wide range of business and trade publications. He is the principal of Scroggins Associates, LLC, a public relations firm he founded in 1984 and is based in Las Cruces, NM.

Continue Reading

Handbook Simplifies Advanced Aspects of Mobile Hydraulic Controls

May 10, 2017
Author Brendan Casey lays out his hydraulics know-how that he acquired over 27 years in a simple handbook made for people that want to improve their skills in troubleshooting ...

BOOK 2, CHAPTER 12: Fluid Motor Circuits

March 18, 2009
Table of Contents

Sponsored Recommendations

MONITORING RELAYS — TYPES AND APPLICATIONS

May 15, 2024
Production equipment is expensive and needs to be protected against input abnormalities such as voltage, current, frequency, and phase to stay online and in operation for the ...

All-In-One DC-UPS Power Solutions

March 13, 2024
Introducing the All-In-One DC-UPS, a versatile solution combining multiple functionalities in a single device. Serving as a power supply, battery charger, battery care module,...

Motor Disconnect Switches

March 13, 2024
With experienced Product Engineers and Customer Service personnel, Altech provides solutions to your most pressing application challenges. All with one thought in mind - to ensure...

DC Power Solutions: Streamlined Power Supplies for Every Need

March 13, 2024
CBI All In One UPS Power Solutions combine the requirements for several applications in just one device which can be used as power supply unit, battery charger, battery care module...